XLD (Xylose Lysine Deoxycholate) Agar, 500g


Medium proposed by TAYLOR (1965), TAYLOR and HARRIS (1965, 1967) and TAYLOR and SCHELHART (1967) for the isolation and differentiation of pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae, especially of Shigella and Salmonella species.

26 in stock

SKU: ZA.002.037 Category:


This culture medium complies with the recommendations of the ISO 6579.

Mode of Action
Degradation of xylose, lactose and sucrose to acid causes phenol red to change its colour to yellow. Production of hydrogen sulfide is indicated by thiosulfate and iron(III) salt, which react to form a precipitate of black iron sulfide in the colonies. Bacteria which decarboxylate lysine to cadaverine can be recognized by the appearance of a purple colouration around the colonies due to an increase in pH. These reactions can proceed simultaneously or successively, this may cause the pH indicator to exhibit various shades of colour
or it may change its colour from yellow to red on prolonged incubation. The culture medium is weakly inhibitory.

Typical Composition (g/litre)
Yeast extract 3.0; sodium chloride 5.0; D(+)xylose 3.75; lactose 7.5; sucrose 7.5; L(+)lysine 5.0; sodium deoxycholate 1.0; sodium thiosulfate 6.8; ammonium iron(III) citrate 0.8; phenol red 0.08; agar-agar 14.5.

1. Weigh out 55 g of XLD Agar.
2. Add 50 ml of demin. water to a flask
3. Transfer 55 g of XLD Agar gently to flask with swirling.
4. Mix thoroughly, add remaining 950 ml demin. water, until completely suspended. Check for lumps. If present repeat mixing.
5. Heat to boiling to dissolve completely.
6. Immediately cool the medium to about 47-50 °C in a waterbath set at this temperature. Agitate flask to cool
7. Pour plates.
8. Dry plates and check for sterility prior to use.
Note: preparation of large volumes, overheating and prolonged storage in water bath (47-50 °C) should be avoided.
Do not autoclave.
pH: 7.4 ± 0.2 at 25 °C.
The plates are clear and red. Crystalline precipitate of salts may occur. To avoid this, the liquid medium needs to be filtered through a flute-formed filter.

Experimental Procedure and Evaluation
Inoculate by spreading the material thinly on the surface of the plates.
Incubation: up to 48 hours at 35 °C aerobically.
Further tests should be performed in order to identify the colonies

Appearance of Colonies Microorganisms
Yellow, surrounded by yellow
zones, opaque with precipita
tion zones
Escherichia coli, Enterobacter,
Yellow, surrounded by yellow
zones, opaque, mucoid with
precipitation zones
Yellow, surrounded by yellow
zones, opaque, sometimes with
a black centre
(lactose-positive strains)
Yellow, surrounded by yellow
zones, opaque,
Serratia, Hafnia
Yellow, surrounded by yellow
zones, translucent, black centre
Proteus vulgaris, most Proteus
Colonies have the same colour
as the culture medium, translu
cent, sometimes with a black
Colonies have the same colour
as the culture medium, translu
Shigella, Providencia,
Orange, slightly opaque Salmonella typhosa
(xylose-positive strains)


Additional information

Weight 0.5 kg


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